(1) Hunter et al., “Clinical Effectiveness of a Biofilm Disrupting Surgical Lavage in Reducing Bacterial Contamination in Total Knee Arthroplasty Revision Surgery in Known Cases of Prosthetic Joint Infection”, Zimmer Biomet white paper. (administered via pulsed jet lavage)
(2) Premkumar A, et al. "Comparing the Efficacy of Irrigation Solutions on Staphylococcal Biofilm Formed on Arthroplasty Surfaces." J Arthroplasty. 2021 Feb 16:S0883-5403(21)00172-8. doi: 10.1016/j.arth.2021.02.033. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33750633.